Allan Kaprow


Allan Kaprow (August 23, 1927- April 5, 2006)

Allan Kaprow was an American painter, assemblagist, and pioneer in performance art.  In 1950s to 1960s, he helped developing the Environment, Happening, and his Happening theory. The “Happening” theory of Kaprow was interaction between audiences and performers. To Kaprow, the Happening was a game, an adventure, and event that just simply happened and it had no structure of begin, middle, or end.

Kaprow’s Happening had removed the idea of art was a thing that was hung on the wall. According to Kaprow, Art could be anything that surrounded us. “Words, sounds, human beings in motion, painted constructions, electric lights, movies and slides and perhaps in the future, smell – all in continuous space involving the spectator or audience; those are the in ingredients. Several or all of them may be used in combination at any one time, which permit me a great range of possibilities” Allan Kaprow

words 1 kaprow

words 2 kaprow

This is one of the Word famous arts of Kaprow in 1962: Kaprow used as an example of a scene

In late 1960s, “Eat” and “Fluids” arts replaced the “Words” art. These two were very simple and daily life activities that Kaprow created that the performers and audiences could performed and interacted. Allan Kaprow invited art students to lick the jam off of a car’s hood. Fluid was also another famous work of Kaprow, which showing that the audiences and the performers built blocks of ice cubes.

jam car

Art students licked jam off of a car’s hood. Kaprow- 1964

ice cubeFluids –Kaprow, 1967

Kaprow’s works had interwoven of art and life. The Happening theory of Kaprow had become unclear between the artist and audiences. The Happening allowed the artist experiment of the smells, textures, sounds, taste, and body motions.



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